Colorado Hunter Safety Course


Bleeding Wounds

Apply direct pressure to a wound to stop it from bleeding. Place a sterile dressing over the cut and press on the dressing with the palm of your hand. If the wound continues to bleed, keep putting direct pressure on it. Elevating the location of the wound can also help stop the bleeding. If a tourniquet is required, avoid placing it below the knee or elbow because of possible damage to vessels and nerves which lie close to the skin.

Fractures & Joint Injuries

Bone fractures or joint injuries can be identified by swelling, discoloration, possible deformity in the area of the injury, and pain when the affected area is moved. If you suspect a broken bone, immobilize the limb as much as possible with a splint or other device that will help limit movement, however it's important not to try to straighten the limb since this can cause further injury. In the case of a sprain, apply an elastic bandage and cold compress to the area. In either case, avoid putting direct pressure on the affected area, and seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Heart Attack

Heart attacks in the field can occur as a result of physical exertion or stress. If you have a diagnosed heart condition, you should have prescription medication on-hand, and inform all members of your hunting party of your condition before heading out into the field. There are many symptoms that indicate the onset of a heart attack. The more obvious symptoms are chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness or fainting, and shooting pains extending into the shoulders, neck or arms. If you suspect a heart attack, take immediate action - call for emergency medical assistance as soon as possible. If such services are not available in your area, have someone transport the person to the nearest medical facility.