Florida Hunter Safety Course


Rifle and Shotgun Actions

Since there are many firearm styles available for sale, your choices can be overwhelming. To help you find the right firearm to suit your needs, let's review the most common actions and discuss how each operates. Take note, however, that you must always read the owner's manual of any firearm you buy for a detailed explanation on how to operate it safely.

Bolt Action

This firearm has a reputation for high accuracy. It is strong and simple. It is operated by moving the bolt handle up and to the rear to open the action. When the bolt is moved forward, it picks up a fresh cartridge. With the bolt fully forward, push down on it to lock the bolt in place. Engage the safety and you are ready to hunt. Grasp the bolt handle after firing, lifting it up while pulling it towards you. This will eject the spent cartridge from the chamber.

Safety First! When loading any firearm, remember to always point the muzzle in a safe direction and whenever possible, engage the safety. To check if your firearm is unloaded, point it in a safe direction, remove the cartridges from the chamber and the magazine of the firearm. Check the chamber and the magazine, not once but TWICE, to make sure there are no cartridges in the firearm