Florida Hunter Safety Course


Chapter 4 Summary

After reading Chapter 4, you should understand the proper way to clean and store your firearms at home. Here are some key points to take away from this chapter:

Your Responsibility

  • It is your responsibility to ensure that the firearm you are using is in good working order

Shot Accuracy

  • Your firearm should be cleaned regularly to help ensure shot accuracy
Point the Muzzle in a Safe Direction
  • When cleaning a firearm, ALWAYS ensure the muzzle is pointed in a safe direction, and make sure the firearm is unloaded.

Remove Ammunition

  • Always remove live ammunition from the work area before you start to clean your firearm.

Eye Protection Gear

  • Always wear hand and eye protection when cleaning your firearm

Clean From the Breech End

  • If possible, always clean the firearm from the breech end.

Same Size

  • Be sure the patches and brushes you use are the same size as the firearm's gauge or caliber

Lightly Oiled Rag

  • To clean the outside surface of the firearm, wipe it down with a lightly oiled rag


  • If your firearm is damaged, always take it to a qualified gunsmith for repair.

Safe Storage

  • When storing firearms at home, always store firearms and ammunition separately and securely. Obey local regulations on proper storage of firearms.