Idaho Hunter Safety Course


Chapter 1:

Know Your Rifles and Shotguns

Rifle and Shotgun Parts.


Both riflesHigh-power firearm that fires bullets, and is braced against the hunter's shoulder when fired. and shotgunsFirearm used to fire multiple projectiles (shot) or a single larger projectile (slugs).  Generally much less powerful than rifles, and generally has a smooth bore. feature a long barrelTube-shaped part of a firearm through which ammunition is shot, and each is usually braced against the hunter's shoulder when fired. Each of these types of firearmsTool that uses the force of burning gunpowder to send a projectile toward a target. consists of most or all of the following parts.

1. Stock


Supports the action and the barrel of a firearm and is made out of either wood or synthetic material. The stock may be a single piece or two pieces, depending on the manufacturer.


2. Action


Consists of a series of parts that load, fire and eject a cartridge or shot shellAmmunition used in shotguns. Can be loaded with multiple pellets or a single slug as the projectile. from a firearm.


3. Sight


An alignment device to help aim a firearm. Styles of sights include metallic, fiber optic, peepFirearm sight placed at the rear of the firearm barrel, has a base and a raised ring through which the hunter aims., open, telescopic, dot and laser.


4. Barrel and Muzzle

Barrel & Muzzle

The barrel is the tube-shaped part of a firearm through which ammunition is fired. The muzzleThe opening in a barrel where ammunition exits after being fired. is located at the front end of the barrel.


5. Trigger and Trigger Guard

Trigger & Trigger Guard

When squeezed, the trigger releases the firing pinPart of the action of a firearm - the firing pin is the part that makes contact with the primer, to ignite the gunpowder in a cartridge or shotshell. to hit the primerAn explosive compound used to ignite a larger gunpowder charge. on a firearm's cartridge, igniting the powder and sending the bullet down the barrel. The trigger guard protects the trigger.


6. Magazine


A storage device for cartridges or shot shells featured on most firearms. Without your magazine, your rifle or shotgun will be limited to a single shot. There are two types of magazines: box and tubular. They are available as either a detachable or fixed part. A detachable magazine can be removed from a firearm, whereas a fixed magazine cannot.