Idaho Hunter Safety Course


Small Game (small mammals)

Small game animals usually have a shorter life span than big game. They will give birth at least once a year, and give birth to more offspring at a time. In most cases it is nearly impossible to tell the males of the species from females. This category is very diverse, and includes animals such as rabbits, squirrels, fox and bobcat, to name a few. Small game animals can be found in almost any type of habitat, including highly-urbanized areas.

Small game hunters will learn to notice and distinguish the game animal’s tracks. Bag limits for small game animals are typically much higher than for big game. Always consult local regulations to determine which animal can be legally hunted, seasons and bag limits.

Idaho's Small Game





The lynx and the bobcat are two wild feline species that look similar and can occupy some of the same areas in the northern united states. The lynx is generally found in the northern-most part of the United states including Washington State, Northern Oregon, Northern Idaho and North Western Montana, as well as rocky mountain areas of Colorado and Wyoming.  The bobcat, on the other hand, has a spotty distribution pattern throughout the united states, with densest concentration in western states (including Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Utah, Nevada, and into the Baja California), and are scarce in the Midwest.

Since the lynx is on the endangered species list it is very important to distinguish the two species. The bobcat has much shorter legs and smaller feet than the lynx. It also has smaller ear tufts, and shorter tawny fur. The bobcat also has indistinct black spotting on its fur whereas the lynx will have a mix of pale brown to blackish hairs over most of its body.  The lynx's tail is only black at the tip, whereas the bobcat's tail has 2 or 3 black bars with a black tip.