Minnesota Adult Hunter Safety Course


Chapter 11 Summary

After reading this chapter, you should have knowledge of how to help prevent an outdoor emergency, and what to do if such an emergency occurs. Let's review these important steps:

  • Before leaving on any hunting trip, leave a detailed hunting plan with a responsible person. Don't alter your plans unless you can first communicate with that person. Include the time you leave, where you are going, who is with you, and when you expect to return.

  • Always carry a survival pack with you any time you leave the hunting camp or go on a hunting trip

 Getting in Shape 

  • Be sure you are in good physical shape before a hunt. Be aware of certain conditions that can affect your ability to perform while out in the bush. Inform all your hunting companions if you have a medical condition.


  • Wear appropriate clothing for the hunt. Wool is the best material for all around warmth. Always wear good head covering - most body heat is lost through the head.


  • If you get lost, the first thing you should do is S.T.O.P. Stop, Think, Observe, and Plan.


  • Remember the big three of survival - Shelter, Fire, and Signal. A series of any three signals is recognized as a signal for help.


  • Food and water are also important survival needs. If you are lost, you can survive 2-3 days without water, and 2-3 weeks without food.


  • Avoid eating vegetation, unless you are sure you have properly identified the plant and are positive it is safe to eat.


  • Always carry a compass with you and know how to use it in conjunction with a topographic map. Always read a map and take a bearing of your destination before you head out. Carry a map of the local area with you at all times.


  • You should be aware of the indicators of various medical emergencies in the field, and how to treat those conditions while out in the bush. When a medical emergency occurs in the field, the goal is not to cure, but to stabilize the person and transport them to an emergency medical facility as soon as possible.


  • Taking a course in first aid and CPR will help you know what to do during various medical emergencies in the field. You could end up saving a life!