Unloading and Inspecting Firearms
To unload a firearm does not mean to simply remove the ammunition from the chamber. A firearm is considered unloaded only when the chamber and magazine are empty, and the action is open.
If you have a break-action, this is relatively easy. Simply open the action, remove the ammunition, and inspect the chamber to ensure no more ammunition is present.
In the case of a lever, bolt, pump, or semi-automatic action, you should open and close the action repeatedly until ammunition stops ejecting from the firearm. Next, you will need to inspect the chamber both with your eyes AND with your finger, to ensure no ammunition is present.
SAFETY FIRST! When you are positive the firearm is unloaded, say the word "empty". This will inform all those around you that you have safely unloaded your firearm.