Minnesota Virtual Field Day Hunter Safety Course


Safety Rules for Cleaning a Firearm

Always follow these safety rules when cleaning any firearm:

User Manual

  • Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
  • Ensure the firearm is unloaded.
  • Clear the workbench of any material you do not need for cleaning.
  • Move all ammunition to a separate location.
  • Make sure your work area has adequate light and ventilation
  • Wear some type of eye and hand-protection gear.

When cleaning firearms, always clean from the breech end if possible. This will push out all powder residue and cleaning solution out the muzzle and prevent damage to the muzzle crown. Disassemble your firearm according to manufacturer's recommendations.

   Cleaning Patches

Cleaning patches that fit the bore size of the firearm   


A firearm holder to hold the firearm firmly in a horizontal position

     Cleaning Rods

Cleaning rods or a bore snake         


Gunsmithing screwdrivers      


Brass or nylon brushes that fit onto the cleaning rods       

        Slotted Tips

A slotted tip or jag for cleaning patches        

         Copper Brush

A short copper cleaning brush or an old toothbrush         

          Bore Light

Bore light/Light Pipe          

           Latex Gloves

Latex gloves           

            Eye Protection

Eye-protection gear            

             Clean Rags

Clean rags             

              Solvents, Oils, and Grease

Gun cleaning solvents, oil and grease