Minnesota Adult Hunter Safety Course


Safety Rules for Cleaning a Firearm

Always follow these safety rules when cleaning any firearm:

  • Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
  • Ensure the firearm is unloaded.
  • Clear the workbench of any material you do not need for cleaning.
  • Move all ammunition to a separate location.
  • Make sure your work area has adequate light and ventilation
  • Wear some type of eye and hand-protection gear.

When cleaning firearms, always clean from the breech end if possible. This will push out all powder residue and cleaning solution out the muzzle and prevent damage to the muzzle crown. Disassemble your firearm according to manufacturer's recommendations.


Cleaning patches that fit the bore size of the firearm   


A firearm holder to hold the firearm firmly in a horizontal position


Cleaning rods or a bore snake         


Gunsmithing screwdrivers      


Brass or nylon brushes that fit onto the cleaning rods       


A slotted tip or jag for cleaning patches        


A short copper cleaning brush or an old toothbrush         


Bore light/Light Pipe          


Latex gloves           


Eye-protection gear            


Clean rags             


Gun cleaning solvents, oil and grease