Minnesota Adult Hunter Safety Course


Rifle and Shotgun Parts.

Here are the common parts found on most rifles and shotguns.

1. Stock

Supports the action and the barrel of a firearm and is made out of either wood or synthetic material. The stock may be a single piece or two pieces, depending on the manufacturer.


2. Action

Consists of a series of parts that load, fire and eject a cartridge or shot shell from a firearm. There are many different types of firearm actions which we will explore later in the chapter.


3. Barrel

The barrel is the tube-shaped part of a firearm through which ammunition is fired. The inside of the barrel is called the bore.


4. Sights

An alignment device to help aim a firearm. In the image above, the rifle uses an open sight. Other types of sights include aperture, telescopic, dot and laser.


5. Muzzle

The muzzle is the opening at the end of the barrel. This is where the projectile exits after it has been fired down the barrel.


6. Forestock

The forestock is the part of the stock in front of the trigger, that supports the barrel.