Minnesota Adult Hunter Safety Course


Pump or Slide Action

Used in both shotguns and rifles, pump action allows a hunter to quickly eject and chamber new ammunition. It is typically loaded from the bottom into a tubular magazine. The action is opened when the forearm is pulled back to the rear of the firearm. Pushing the forearm forward moves the ammunition from the magazine into the chamber and closes the action so that the firearm is loaded and ready to be fired. On most pump-actions, a slide lever located by the trigger guard releases the action so you can inspect the chamber or unload the firearm.

Unloading and Inspection

To unload a pump action, point the muzzle in a safe direction. Pump the slide back and forth until no more cartridges are ejected, then leave the action open. Inspect the chamber with your eyes and finger to ensure no ammunition is chambered. Say the word "empty" when you are sure the firearm is unloaded.