Minnesota Hunter Safety Course


Chapter 2 Summary

After reading this chapter, you should have a good understanding of the different types and styles of firearms, as well as how to use and handle them safely. Let's take a moment to review the important points of this chapter:

  • There are three basic parts found on all firearms: the stock, the action, and the barrel. You should be able to identify these on any type of rifle or shotgun

  • There are different types of actions found on rifles and shotguns. Be sure you are able to identify a bolt action, lever action, pump action, semi-automatic action, and break (or hinge) action.


  • You should know the different types of firearm safeties and how to use them properly. In most cases, red means fire. If you see red on the safety mechanism, it means the safety is disengaged and the firearm is ready to shoot.


  • Always engage the firearm's safety as soon as the firearm is loaded, and leave the safety engaged until you have properly identified your target and are ready to fire.


  • A firearm's safety is a mechanical device and consequently subject to failure. Using the mechanical safety is no substitute for obeying all the rules of safe firearm handling.