Minnesota Hunter Safety Course


Chapter 5 Summary

After reading this Chapter, you should understand the proper way to clean and store your firearms at home, as well as how to safely and legally transport your firearms. Here are some key points to take away from this chapter:

  • It is your responsibility to ensure that the firearm you are using is in good working order

  • Your firearm should be cleaned regularly to help ensure shot accuracy


  • When cleaning a firearm, ALWAYS ensure the muzzle is pointed in a safe direction, and make sure the firearm is unloaded.


  • Always remove live ammunition from the work area before you start to clean your firearm.


  • Always wear hand and eye protection when cleaning your firearm


  • If possible, always clean the firearm from the breech end.


  • Be sure the patches and brushes you use are the same size as the firearm's gauge or caliber


  • To clean the outside surface of the firearm, wipe it down with a lightly oiled rag


  • If your firearm is damaged, always take it to a qualified gunsmith for repair.


  • When storing firearms at home, always store firearms and ammunition separately and securely. Obey local regulations on proper storage of firearms.

 Adult Supervision 

  • Showing a firearm should always be done under adult supervision. ALWAYS check that the firearm is unloaded when showing your firearm to another person.


  • There are four basic types of firearm cases to choose from, depending on the intended use of the firearm. You should be able to identify which type of case is legal for transporting your firearm in a vehicle.

 Transporting Firearms 

  • The safest way to transport a firearm is to have it unloaded, with the action open, and in a protective case. Always consult local regulations before transporting your firearm.