Newfoundland and Labrador Hunter Education Program


ACTS and PROVE: Firearm Safety

Acts & Prove

The ACTS and PROVE of firearm safety is a nationally accepted approach to handling firearms safely. It was developed by the Canadian Firearms Program and should be used each and every time you handle a firearm in any situation.



Assume every firearm is loaded.

  • Regard any firearm as potential danger.

Control the muzzle direction at all times.

  • Identify the safest available muzzle direction.
  • Keep the firearm pointed in the safest available direction.
  • The muzzle of a firearm should not be pointed towards yourself or any other person.

Trigger finger must be kept off the trigger and out of the trigger guard.

  • Resist the temptation to put your finger on the trigger or inside the trigger guard when you pick up a firearm.
  • Accidental discharge is far more likely to occur if your finger is on the trigger or inside the trigger guard.

See that the firearm is unloaded - PROVE it safe.

  • Do not handle the firearm unless you can PROVE it safely.
  • Check to see that both chamber and magazine are empty. Do this every time you handle a firearm, for any reason.
  • Pass or accept only open and unloaded firearms. This is an important habit to develop.


PROVE it safe:

Point the firearm in the safest available direction

Remove all cartridges

Observe the chamber

Verify the feeding path

Examine the bore for obstructions


Copyright Royal Canadian Mounted Police