Newfoundland and Labrador Hunter Education Program


Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion occurs when the body is unable to cool itself off. An individual who is experiencing heat exhaustion will exhibit an increased body temperature, faintness, rapid heartbeat; an ashen or grayish appearance; cold, clammy skin and nausea. You can do any or all of the following to help the person experiencing heat exhaustion, but most of all, seek medical help as quickly as possible.

  • Move the person to a shady or air-conditioned location.
  • Have the person lie down and elevate their feet slightly.
  • Loosen or remove their clothing.
  • Use a fan to help cool the person down.
  • Seek medical help.

Stings and Bites

Bite and Sting Kit

If you are allergic to certain insect bites or stings, be sure to bring along whatever medicine you require. Talk to your doctor about allergic reactions that you have experienced. Your doctor can prescribe medicine to help you with the discomfort.

For common stings and bites, relieve the discomfort by applying something cool, such as a wrapped cold pack, to affected area. This will also help reduce inflammation. Cold packs should be wrapped in a towel and placed directly on the affected area.

In the case of more severe stings and bites, it is also beneficial to keep an extractor kit handy to help you deal with the injury. The kit will contain an extractor pump to remove poisons or stingers, as well as other materials to help relieve discomfort. For effectiveness, the Extractor Kit must be used relatively quickly. Follow the directions indicated on the kit.

If you are not feeling well after an insect sting or bite, call for medical help as soon as possible.

Lyme disease


When returning from a day in the wilderness, it is important to check your body for ticks or tick bites as they can carry an infection called Lyme disease. If you are bitten by a tick carrying Lyme disease, the most common characteristic is that you will develop is a reddish “bull-eye” rash around the bite location. If you notice this rash, contact your doctor immediately so they can take the appropriate treatment measures.

To reduce the chances of infection, wear clothing that minimized exposed skin, use tick repellent and if ticks are found after your excursion have them removed.


Rabies occurs when there is contact to the saliva of infected animals through bites and scratches. This can be a fatal infection once contracted, so precautions must be taken. To prevent the risk of rabies, stay clear of animals that are acting sick or aggressive.

If you hunt with your dogs, make sure they are up to date with their vaccinations and aren’t running around unsupervised. If your dog does get bit, seek veterinary attention immediately.