Chapter 2: Know your Ammunition
Centerfire Ammunition for Shotguns
Shotgun shells are considered centerfire shotshells because the primer is inserted in the center of the casing base. They have the following parts:
Also known as a shot shellAmmunition used in shotguns. Can be loaded with multiple pellets or a single slug as the projectile., the casing is a plastic tube shaped container that holds all of the shell components together. They come in a variety of sizes and colors.
2. Projectile(s) (Shot Pellets or Slug)
Most shotshells are loaded with multiple shot or pelletsProjectiles found in a shotgun shell -- shot. as the projectiles. Most cartridges loaded with shot or pellets are used for hunting upland game birdsNon-migratory bird that lives on land, close to a water source. or waterfowlBird that lives on and near the water. (example - ducks and geese), as well as for target shooting. There are a variety of different shot types available, such as; Lead, Steel, Bismuth, Tungsten-Iron, and Tungsten-Matrix. Lead shot is not permitted for hunting waterfowl in North America, because lead is a toxic substance that contaminates soils as well as surface and ground waters, and can cause lead poisoning in different species as well as damage to the habitat. Please check your local regulationsSet of rules that are easily amended(example - Hunter Orange Requirements, Hunting Seasons). to ensure you are using the proper type of shot for the animal you will be hunting. Shotshells loaded with slugsType of shot shell which features a single lead projectile. Typically used for big game shotgun hunting. are used for big gameLarge animals that are legal to hunt (example - deer, bear, moose, etc.).
3. Wad Column
Placed between the powder and the projectiles, it is made of plastic or paper and provides a seal so that the gases from the burning powder do not escape past the shot.
A high-energy propellant of a specific quantity that, when ignited, creates a high pressure gas inside the cartridge caseMetal container that holds all the components of a firearm cartridge together.. This pressure forces the bullet or projectile down the barrel of the firearm to exit at the muzzle.
An explosive compound used to ignite the gunpowder charge.