Study Guide


Basic First Aid

The majority of hunters will, at one time or another, get scratched or cut from briars or fences, and may nick themselves while using a knife. Most of the time, these injuries are not life threatening and can be treated at the camp or in the field. For minor cuts and abrasions, a good first aid kit is an essential part of a hunter's equipment. A cell phone - when there is a good signal - is great for calling medical help if needed. These are the items that should be in a first aid kit:

  • Two pairs of latex gloves (or other sterile gloves if you are allergic to latex).
  • Sterile dressings to stop bleeding.
  • Cleansing agent or soap and antibiotic towelettes to disinfect.
  • Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection.
  • Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes.
  • An elastic bandage.
  • Tweezers and a needle.
  • Aspirin and non-aspirin pain relievers.
  • Prescription medications you take every day (check expiration dates on medications).
  • Eye-wash solution to flush the eyes or as a general decontaminant.
  • First Aid handbook or guide.

Treating Minor Cuts and Abrasions

Follow these three steps when treating minor cuts and abrasions:

  1. Clean wound with soap and water.
  2. Apply antibacterial ointment.
  3. Apply a sterile dressing.

Safety first! If a cut or wound continues to bleed, use a pressure point and transport the person to a hospital or call for medical help.