Firearms should always be transported in a firearm case that will help protect against damage. Also, when non-hunters are present, casing one's firearm will help put everyone at ease. This is just one more way for a hunter to show his/her respect toward non-hunters.
When casing a firearm, you should first unload it, and leave the action open. Keep your finger off the trigger at all times, and always remember to point the muzzle in a safe direction, even once the firearm is in its case.
There are four types of firearm cases to choose from. The type of firearm case used depends on personal preference, ease of use, intended use, and of course local regulations.
1. Padded (soft-sided) Firearm Case
This type of case is good for transporting a firearm by vehicle, and to or from a hunting spot. It is relatively quick and easy to use, and most can be folded or rolled, and carried in a backpack or pocket for added convenience.
2. Lockable (hard-sided) Firearm Case
This case is heavily padded on the inside which adds an added level of protection against damage to the firearm. This is the only case which is accepted when traveling on an airplane.
3. Waterproof (neoprene) Firearms Case
This is another type of soft-sided case, but has the extra advantage of having a waterproof finish. This case is ideal for hunters who travel by boat to get to and from their hunting spot.
4. Firearm Scabbard
The scabbard is a firearm holder that is usually made of leather, and acts as a "holder" for the firearm, rather than a case. Some only cover a part of the firearm to make it accessible for quick shots. Many handgun holsters are in fact scabbards.