North Carolina Hunter Safety Course


Materials used for Cleaning a Firearm

When cleaning firearms, always clean from the breech end if possible. This will push out all powder residue and cleaning solution out the muzzle and prevent damage to the muzzle crown. Disassemble your firearm according to manufacturer's recommendations.

Cleaning Patches


Cleaning Rods

Cleaning patches that fit the bore size of the firearm

A firearm holder to hold the firearm firmly in a horizontal position

Cleaning rods or a bore snake



Slotted Tips

Gunsmithing screwdrivers

Brass or nylon brushes that fit onto the cleaning rods

A slotted tip or jag for cleaning patches

Copper Brush

Bore Light

Latex Gloves

A short copper cleaning brush or an old toothbrush

Bore light/Light Pipe

Latex gloves

Eye Protection

Clean Rags

Solvents, Oils, and Grease

Eye-protection gear

Clean rags

Gun cleaning solvents, oil and grease