Shot placement is crucial to achieving a quick, clean harvest of game animals. Since hunters do not want to wound a game animal and have it run away and not be found, it is every hunter's responsibility to first practice at a range to ensure they can place a shot successfully. Consistency is key. Do not take a shot unless you are certain you can hit the vital area to achieve a quick and clean harvest. If you are unsure, don't take the shot.
Bullets cause hydrostatic shock to an animal's vital organs, which means that with a properly placed shot in the vital area (heart & lungs) the animal will expire very quickly. If, however, the shot was slightly off-target and hit the animal in the abdomen, neck, or spine, it might take a little longer for the animal to expire.