Nova Scotia Hunter Safety Course


Wildlife Management Practices

Edge Control

An "edge" is a section of land in between two different habitats. For example, in between a farmer's field and a forest there is often an edge of smaller shrubs and saplings. These areas are most diverse in plant and animal species, and are a great habitat for upland birds, small game and even some big game.  Edge control is where farmers and landowners intentionally leave the forest edge uncultivated, and cut it every two to three years to promote new growth.


Through the sport of hunting, we can manage the population of the wildlife. Hunting maintains the correct number of specific wildlife for a given amount of habitat or area, and will also provide wildlife biologists with valuable information on species and population numbers in a given area. Using this information, hunting regulations and daily bag limits are determined each year for the duration of the season. Bag Limits are the maximum number of game animals a hunter may harvest in a given day or hunting season. Please check with your local regulations to ensure you are aware of the bag limit for the specific game you are hunting to avoid prosecution and/or fines.

In the case of grouse there is a bag limit of 5 per day.For other bag limits and possession limits, consult Nova Scotia's hunting regulations, available from the provincial government. 

Food Plots

Food Plots

This creates winter feeding areas for wildlife. These plots are small areas planted with a mixture of grasses and clovers in open areas in the woods and on old logging roads.


Wildlife Refuges and Wildlife Management Areas

Government agencies and private landowners purchase land to preserve the natural beauty and the wildlife present in these areas.