Nova Scotia Hunter Safety Course


Preventive Survival

The best way to prevent an emergency in the outdoors is to follow the three P's of outdoor safety: Plan your trip, Prepare yourself, and Practice safe behaviour. Here are some ways you can follow these simple rules:

1. Build a Pack

Putting together a pack with items is an excellent way to prepare for a hunting trip. It should include all of the following items:

  • A small first aid kit
  • Waterproof, strike anywhere matches
  • Small knife or razor blades
  • Wire saw
  • A plastic whistle
  • A flashlight with spare batteries
  • Candle
  • Emergency food: 1-2 bouillon cubes, ration bar, malted milk tablets
  • Bottled water
  • Fire-starter made from tightly rolled paper soaked in paraffin wax
  • 5-10 feet of wire to make snares
  • Adhesive tape: 1 inch x 12 inches long
  • Fishing line: 25lb test
  • Fishing hooks and lures
  • Blaze orange flagging tape
  • Signalling mirror
  • A map of the area and a compass
  • Rain gear and warm clothing
  • Prescription medicine
  • Emergency foil blanket
  • Aluminum foil: 2 sheets, 12 inches square to make drinking and cooking utensils
  • Large garbage bags
  • Large sheet of plastic
  • Soap or sanitizing lotion
  • A backpack to carry all of the items

IMPORTANT! Nova Scotia Law states that all hunters are REQUIRED to carry a knife, compass and waterproof matches at all times when hunting.


Make a Plan

2. Make a Plan

Making a plan is simple. Write down the location where you will be hunting, the names of your hunting partners, contact numbers, what route you will be taking, when you leave and when you expect to return. Leave this plan with a family member or friend and keep a copy in your vehicle. Knowing the weather conditions for the hunt, the terrain of the land and the type of game being hunted are all factors that will help you prepare for the hunt. This preparation occurs long before the firearms are packed into the hunting vehicle.