Nova Scotia Hunter Safety Course


Black Bear

Black Bear

The black bear is found in all the Atlantic Provinces except Prince Edward Island.

Although black is the normal colour, other colour phases such as brown, cinnamon and even white may occur.

Adult males are 100 to 120 cm at shoulder height and may weigh over 300 kg. Females are much smaller.

Black bears prefer heavily wooded areas and dense bushland and are usually most active from dusk until dawn. They are omnivores and will eat almost anything including berries, nuts, insects, fish, small mammals and carrion. In the spring, they may prey upon moose calves, caribou calves and deer fawns.

 Black Bear Tracks 

Mating takes place in June or early July and generally two cubs are born the following January or February. In autumn, bears begin to search for a suitable denning site such as under a tree stump or overturned log, or in a hole in a hillside.

The eyesight of the black bear is poor when compared to its incredible hearing and sense of smell. Stalking a black bear challenges the best of hunters.

Bear meat, if properly prepared, is considered an excellent meal by many. Because black bears carry a nematode or roundworm that causes trichinosis, all bear meat should be cooked carefully.