Nova Scotia Hunter Safety Course


Arctic Hare

Arctic Hare

This large, heavy-bodied hare ranges from 3.5 to 5.5 kg in weight and 60 to 80 cm in length. It is found mostly in the arctic regions of Canada and frequents rough hillsides where the northern winds blow away the snow. In Newfoundland, it is also found on the high barren hills back from the coast.

In winter, the arctic hare is pure white with moderately long, black-tipped ears. Its coat is much longer, softer, and silkier than that of the snowshoe hare. Its summer colour varies widely, depending on latitude.

Mating usually occurs in April or May with a litter of two to eight “leverets” being born in June. They are fully grown by early September.

Arctic hares may often be approached to within a few feet without showing any alarm. If followed, they hop off a short distance. They show great ability in hiding behind rocks.