Oregon Hunter Safety Course


Chapter Summary

Now that we've gone through the different rifle and shotgun actions available to hunters, you should be able to identify, load and unload these firearms safely. Let's take a moment to review the important points you learned in this chapter.

  • The three main parts found on any rifle or shotgun are the stock, the action, and the barrel & muzzle. Other important parts include the sight(s), trigger, trigger guard and magazine.
  • There are two types of magazines found on rifles and shotguns - tubular and box-type. Box-type magazines are removed from the firearm to load cartridges. Tubular magazines are usually a fixed part on the firearm.
  • The action of the firearm is the part that loads, fires and ejects the cartridge or shotshell. Rifles and shotguns have 5 common actions available: bolt action, lever action, pump action, semi-automatic action, and break (or hinge) action.
Lever Action
  • Bolt and lever action firearms are found mainly in rifles. To load a lever-action, swing the lever down and away from your body.
Break Action
  • Break action rifles and shotguns are recommended for beginning hunters since they have limited shots per use.