Saskatchewan Hunter Safety Course

 

Dehydration

Dehydration is a condition that occurs when the loss of body fluids, mostly water, exceeds the amount that is taken in. Symptoms of dehydration included; Increased thirst, dry mouth, and swollen tongue, weakness, dizziness, confusion, and fainting. When this happens, immediate action must be taken. 

Dehydration can be caused by many factors such as:

  • Fever
  • Heat exposure
  • Exercise
  • Vomiting, Diarrhea, and increased urination due to infection
  • Diseases such as diabetes
  • The inability to seek drinkable water

Someone who is experiencing dehydration should take in fluids using the following methods:

  • Sipping small amounts of water and/or Sports drinks
  • Sucking on popsicles or ice chips made from juices and sports drinks

Try to cool the person, if there has been heat exposure or if the person has an elevated temperature, in the following ways:

  • Remove any excess clothing and loosen other clothing
  • Seek Air-conditioning or shaded areas as soon as possible
  • Place a wet towel around the person

Prevention

The best treatment for dehydration is prevention. Anticipate the need for increased fluid intake. Plan ahead and take extra water with you when you head out hunting. Avoid exposure during high heat index days. Listen to weather forecasts for high heat stress days, and plan to hunt during times when temperatures are cooler.

Avoid alcohol consumption, especially when it is very warm, because alcohol increases water loss and impairs your ability to sense early signs associated with dehydration. Taking someone into a cooled area for even a couple hours each day will help prevent the cumulative effects of high heat exposure.


 
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