Saskatchewan Hunter Safety Course



Wildlife habitat can be quite simply defined as a suitable place for wildlife to live. Habitat for wildlife must have four resources:

  1. Food
  2. Water
  3. Shelter
  4. Space



Different species of wildlife might need very different types of food to survive. For example, some animals cannot live without grasses and shrubs and other animals could never survive without twigs and leaves to eat.

Also, the availability of food is important for survival. If the food is so buried under snow that the animals cannot reach it, then this will limit the number of animals that will survive.


All living creatures need water – some more than others. Many animals get almost all their water straight from the food they eat while others need to drink quite a bit of water. As with food, the availability of water is an important factor for survival.


Animals need shelter or cover to hide from predators and to get out of nasty weather. Often this means trees and shrubs with lots of leaves but it can also be as simple as a rock pile or a patch of weeds, depending on the animal’s needs.

Living Space

Animals need space to survive – some more than others. Overcrowding leads to excess competition, starvation and disease. Many animals are territorial and this helps to ensure the necessary space is maintained.

If all of the habitat needs are met, you should see wildlife. Wildlife biologists work with landowners to create and manage habitat for wildlife.