Shotguns, Rifles, Bow or Black Powder?
What to use? The choice is yours as long as what you chose is legal for your game and season. Your best chances for success probably involve shotguns for birds, rifles or shotgun with slugs for deer-sized big game and rifles for larger big game. On the other hand, the increased challenges of archery and black powder hunting can make the extra effort worthwhile. Whatever you choose, get some help and guidance from someone with experience. Remember you do not always need the most expensive or newest or biggest or fastest available. Whatever shooting equipment you use need only meet two requirements.
It is appropriate and legal for the hunting you will do.
The equipment must feel comfortable to you. Proper practice goes a long way to meet this requirement.