Saskatchewan Hunter Safety Course


Chapter Summary

Firearm safety rules and practices are the most important component to take away from this course. If you obey all the rules and safe practices you learned in this chapter, you will greatly reduce your chances of being involved in a firearm or hunting incident. 

  • You should know the different types of firearm safeties and how to use them properly. In most cases, red means fire. If you see red on the safety mechanism, it means the safety is disengaged and the firearm is ready to shoot.


  • The first four commandments are known as “The Vital Four ACTS” of firearm handling.
    • Assume every firearm is loaded.
    • Control the muzzle direction at all times.
    • Trigger finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard.
    • See that the firearm is unloaded - PROVE it safe.

 Mechanical Safety 

  • For the following reasons, firearm safeties should never be totally relied on:
    1. They are subject to mechanical failure from wear and other factors, and
    2. They can unknowingly be bumped or jammed off the safe position.


  • As a safe hunter, you should know the different types of firearm carries, and when it is safe to use them. For example, never use the shoulder, trail, or side carries when there is someone in front of you. The two-hand carry gives the best muzzle control. Remember the "C" of the Vital Four ACTS: Control the muzzle direction at all times.

 Zones of Fire 

  • Your "safe zone of fire" when shooting refers to the area in which you may safely shoot.


  • It is your responsibility to ensure that the firearm you are using is in good working order. Your firearm should be cleaned regularly to help ensure shot accuracy.

 Muzzle Safe 

  • Never use a telescopic scope sight for identifying distant hunters, or as a substitute for binoculars.

 Remove ammo 

  • Always remove live ammunition from the work area before you start to clean your firearm.


  • If your firearm is damaged, always take it to a qualified gunsmith for repair.

 Safe storage 

  • The safest way of storing firearms is to store ammunition and unloaded firearms separately in locked compartments.