A shooting range may be formal or informal.
A formal range is one you would find at your local shooting club and likely includes a posted list of very specific instructions.
An informal range could be any safe shooting area with a proper backstop and some targets, such might be found on farms throughout Saskatchewan.
In either case, there are basic rules that must be followed at all times.
When shooting at an informal range with two or more shooters, it is always a good idea to assign someone as range officer. This person will maintain control of the range and help to ensure everyone's safety. On formal ranges, there is often a range officer present. If not then, again, assign someone this task.
Basic Range Rules
1. The range officer will be obeyed at all times.
2. On the firing line, the muzzle direction must be down range at all times.
3. No firearms should be loaded until the command "LOAD" is given.
4. Keep fingers outside the trigger guard and off the trigger until the command "FIRE" is given.
5. Unnecessary talking or horseplay on the range will not be tolerated.
6. On the command "CEASE FIRE":
All shooting will immediately stop
Firearms are unloaded with actions left open
Firearms are laid down on the bench or shooting mat with muzzles pointed down range
All shooters back away from the firing line
Under no circumstances are firearms to be handled on the line during a cease fire
7. If in any difficulty, open your firearm's action and signal the range officer by raising your trigger hand.
8. If a live cartridge fails to fire, the firearm should remain pointed down range with the action closed. Wait 60 seconds before signalling the range officer.
9. No person moves ahead of the firing line without first being told to do so by the range officer. To be double sure, look at all other firing positions to make sure they are "CLEAR" before advancing.
10. All firearms must be kept unloaded except when on the firing line and then only after the command to "LOAD" has been given.
11. Firearms not in use must be unloaded and placed in the rack or in a case.
12. When moving firearms to and from the firing line, they must be unloaded and pointed muzzle up or encased.