Saskatchewan Hunter Safety Course



As noted in Chapter 1, many rifles and shotguns feature a sight, which is a device that helps a hunter take aim. There are four categories of sights:


Telescopic sight

  • The telescopic sight is a small telescope mounted on the firearm.
  • The "scope" sight magnifies the target and does away with aligning rear and front sights.
  • The aiming device inside the telescopic sight is called the "reticule".
  • To aim, the shooter looks through the scope, and puts the crosshairs on the target.
  • The telescope is the most accurate sight.

REMEMBER! Telescopic sights should NOT be used for identifying other hunters.


Aperture or Peep Sights

  • This type of sight is common on most target rifles.
  • The rear sight has a small hole that the shooter must look (peep) through.
  • The front sight is usually a post sight. The human eye automatically centres in the rear peep or aperture sight. The front sight is then aligned with the target.
  • These sights are generally more accurate than open sights, but can be impractical for hunting purposes.


Open Sight

  • Most factory-ordered rifles are equipped with an open rear sight and a "bead" or "post" front sight.
  • To aim properly, the target should be sitting above the front sight, with the top of the front sight centered and level with the top of the rear sight.
  • Different types of open sights include the buckhorn, semi-buckhorn, U-notch and V-notch.


Shotgun Bead

  • The shotgun bead, used on shotgun barrels, is located near the muzzle of the barrel.
  • It is used as a reference point when leading moving game.
  • This type of sight allows the hunter to position his cheek on the stock in such a way that he will not sight above or below a moving target.